In this rich reference work, Beth Levin classifies over English verbs according to shared meaning and behavior. Levin starts with the hypothesis that a. English verb classes and alternations: A preliminary investigation. By BETH. LEVIN. Chicago: University of Chicago Press, Pp. xviii, Cloth. $ English Verb Classes and Alternations: A Preliminary Investigation. Beth Levin. ( Northwestern University). Chicago: The University of Chicago. Press, , xviii.

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Language–Reference Syntax and Semantics. You may purchase this title at these fine bookstores. Outside the USA, see our international sales information.

University of Chicago Press: About Contact News Giving to the Press. Creating Political Presence Dario Castiglione. The Gateway to the Pacific Meredith Oda. Billionaires and Stealth Politics Benjamin I. A Verb Index for use with the book. In this alternqtions reference work, Beth Levin classifies over 3, English verbs according to shared meaning and behavior.

She shows how identifying verbs with similar syntactic behavior provides an effective means of distinguishing semantically coherent verb classes, and isolates these classes by examining verb behavior with respect to a wide range of syntactic alternations that reflect verb meaning. The first part of the book sets out alternate ways in which verbs can express their arguments.

The second presents classes of verbs that share a kernel of meaning begh explores in detail the behavior of each class, drawing on the alternations in the first part.


The result is an original, systematic picture of the organization of the verb inventory. Easy neglish use, English Bdth Classes and Alternations sets the stage for further explorations of the interface between lexical semantics and syntax.

It will prove indispensable for theoretical and computational linguists, psycholinguists, cognitive scientists, lexicographers, and teachers of English as a second language. Alternations Transitivity Alternations 1.

Induced Action Alternation 1.

Other Instances of Causative Alternations 1. Unexpressed Object Alternations 1. Unspecified Object Alternation 1. Understood Body-Part Object Alternation alternatipns. Understood Reflexive Object Alternation 1. Understood Reciprocal Object Alternation 1. PRO-arb Object Alternation 1. Characteristic Property Alternations 1. Characteristic Property of Agent Alternation 1. Characteristic Property of Instrument Alternation 1. Way Object Alternation 1. Preposition Drop Alternations 1.

Locative Preposition Drop Alternation 1. With Proposition Drop Alternation. Clear Alternation transitive 2. Creation and Transformation Alternations 2. Total Transformation Alternation transitive 2. Total Transformation Alternation intransitive 2. Simple Reciprocal Alternation transitive. Apart Reciprocal Alternation intransitive 2. Image Impression Alternation 2.

Body-Part Possessor Ascension Alternation 2. Possessor-Attribute Alhernations Alternations 2. Possessor and Attribute Alternation 2. Time Geth Alternation 3. Natural Force Subject Alternation 3. Instrument Subject Alternation 3. Abstract Cause Subject Alternation 3. Locatum Subject Alternation 3. Local Subject Alternation 3.

Container Subject Alternation 3. Raw Material Subject Alternation 3.

English Verb Classes and Alternations

Sum of Money Subject Alternation 3. Source Subject Alternation 4. Reflexive Diathesis Alternations 4. Virtual Reflexive Alternation 4. Reflexive of Appearance Alternation 5. Adjectival Passive transitive verbs. Adjectival Perfect Participles intransitive verbs 6. Alternations Involving Postverbal “Subjects” alernations.


Cognate Object Construction 7. Cognate Prepositional Phrase Construction 7. Reaction Object Construction 7.

English Verb Classes and Alternations: A Preliminary Investigation – Beth Levin – Google Books

Unintentional Interpretation of Object 7. Unintentional Interpretation with Reflexive Object 7. Unintentional Interpretation with Body-Part Object 7. Bound Nonreflexive Anaphor as Prepositional Object 7. Directional Phrases with Nondirected Motion Verbs 8.

Verbs Requiring Special Diatheses 8. Obligatory Reflexive Object 8. Inalienably Possessed Body-Part Object 8. Expletive It Object 8. Verbs of Putting 9. Verbs of Putting in a Spatial Configuration 9.

Verbs of Putting with a Specified Direction 9. Verbs of Removing Verbs of Possessional Deprivation: Verbs of Sending and Carrying Bring and Take Verbs of Exerting Force: Verbs of Change of Possession Verbs of Future Having Verbs of Providing Verbs of Fulfilling Verbs of Obtaining Verbs of Exchange Hold and Keep Verbs Verbs of Concealment Verbs of Throwing Verbs of Contact by Impact Non-Agentive Verbs of Contact by Impact Verbs of Cutting Verbs of Combining and Attaching Verbs of Separating and Disassembling Verbs of Coloring Image Creation Verbs Verbs of Image Impression Verbs of Creation and Transformation Verbs of Preparing Verbs with Predicative Complements Verbs of Perception