The book is made of two parts: the first one is a detailed exploration of the litterature around Pasteur’s rise from obscurity to fame and of the corresponding. The Pasteurization of France [Bruno Latour, Alan Sheridan, John Law] on *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. What can one man accomplish. The pasteurization of France: Bruno Latour, translated by Alan Sheridan and John Law (Cambridge, Massachusetts and London: Harvard University Press.
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The first obscure, anony- mous collaborator was none other than Richet himself: In no circumstances 54 War and Peace of Microbes must they lxtour the disinfection of midwives’ hands or the ster- ilization of milk.
The pasteurization of France
I have said that the shift took place only through translation. The Pasteurians translated these stakes and rules into their own terms, but without the hygienists, it is clear that very little would have been heard about them. It was also the impression gathered by the French, who took pasteuization brief encounter with the Cossacks of Orlov- Denissov as a major defeat.
Armaingaud, for instance, forms an odd aUiance with the microbes: Such distinctions among types of actors matter less than the fact that they are all renegotiating what the world is made up of, who is acting in it, who matters, oasteurization who wants what.
A peculiar revolution indeed! The results of this new trial of strength were spectacular, “indisputable. History Additional Physical Format: The conflict between health and wealth was resolved to the benefit of the latter. Hygiene’s style was cumulative and precautionary, since it set out to embrace everything. This is a crucial point, for it allows us to extract from the magic circle of “science” much of what we rather hastily call “its contents.
Strong Microbes and Weak Hygienists 33 This corruption of the best intentions, a corruption that was all the more disturbing in that it did not always occur, had one serious inconvenience. They cannot be reduced to a “social or political explanation,” since they are renewing the political game from top to bottom with new forces.
The Pasteurization of France
Once they had accumulated everything; now they ordered. In the first part of the book I study a series of texts taken from a famous historical battle. Please enter recipient e-mail address es.
Anton rated it it was amazing Jun 16, When we are deahng with scientists, we still admire the great genius and virtue of one man and too rarely suspect the importance of the forces that made him great. This was written in At the cost of setting up new professions, institutions, laboratories, and skills at all points, we will obtain properly separated channels of microbes, on the one hand, and of pilgrims, beer, milk, wine, schoolchildren, and soldiers, on the other. At the time — that is, before Pasteur had made himself necessary to the hygienists — one thing was certain: This double game of explanation — one creating po- tency, the other setting out the trials of strength — might seem no more than an amusing oddity.
We may admit that in the technological or scientific fields a multitude of people is necessary to diffuse the discoveries made and the machines invented. With utter confidence he announced a forthcoming triumph in the struggle against infectious diseases”p. Recog- nizing the similarity among aUies, I offer no a-priori definition of what is strong and what is weak. A salesman sends a perfectly clear beer to a customer — it arrives corrupted.
By the time that con- cerns us, none of this was controversial. There was only one answer: Appealing to an example from an earlier period might Introduction 7 help us find a way out. Of the sociology of the sciences I can therefore say, “Protect me from my friends; I shall deal with my enemies,” for if we set out to explain the sciences, it may well be that the social sciences will suffer first. Both had the same cause. Here I contrast the different control groups with one another, so that each argument about context or content can be replaced by a new hnkage between society and its sciences.
An idea or a practice cannot move from A to B solely by the force that A gives 16 War and Peace of Microbes it; B must seize it and move it. It thereby limits itself to the purely social, whereas all the actors are dirtying it with something else. Bruno Latour Find more information about: Koch did not share the same weaknesses, and he attacked Pasteur far from Paris and on the terrain of the new scientific medicine.
Please select Ok if you would like to proceed with this request anyway. The microbe is not an idea floating in the head of scientists; it is a means of locomotion for moving through the net- works that they wish to set up and command.
The first section of the book, which retells the story of Pasteur, is a vivid description of an approach to science whose theoretical implications go far beyond a particular case study. What is refused to one cannot be refused to the other.
To make up society with only social connections, omitting the invisibles, is to end up with general corruption, a perverse deviation of good human intentions. For those who cannot accept any story unless it has an “infra- structure,” it is possible to give the “cause” of the whole Pasteurian adventure. August 20, at 7: The revival and extension of exploi- tation or prosperity, if you prefer required a better-educated pop- ulation and clean, airy, rebuilt cities, with drains, fountains, schools, parks, gymnasiums, dispensaries, day nurseries.
Traveling with cow’s milk is another animal that is not domesticated, the tuberculose bacillus, and it shps in with your wish to feed your child. The independence, the very existence of the country in the near future, is at stake” Decaisne: This is why the contribution of the hygienists is difficult to Strong Microbes and Weak Hygienists 49 isolate from that of their allies.
The first sets up the forces one on top of the other and enables us to explain how a whole period is interested finds itself interested in what is happening in Pasteur’s laboratory; the second mechanism attributes responsibility for the command to one member in the crowd. In examining Pasteur’s influence on the history and sociology of medicine, Latour focuses on the phenomenon of a theory becoming reality because it’s time had come.
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James rated it really liked it Jun 28, The pasteurization of France Author: Fourth and last, it seems impossible to deny that Pasteur’s rapid successes were due to bbruno application at last of scientific method in an area that had been left too long to people groping in the dark.