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:: :: – LAW NO. /4 KOSOVO HEALTH
The Assembly of Kosovo. Based on the Health Policy of Kosovo, February. With the aim of establishing legal grounds for the regulation, advancement and the improvement of the provision of health care for the citizens of Kosovo.
For the purposes of this Law, the following definitions shall apply: The Kosovo AssemblyKosovo Government, Municipal Assembly, local and international physical and juridical persons having the right to establish the health institution in accordance with this Law.
Health Care Institution providing 24 hrs health care community based services to the chronic psychiatric patients. Health Care Institution established by non-governmental and non-profitable organization in Kosovo authorized to provide health services. This Law defines the health care system, healthcare activities and health financing system in Kosovo.
Health care shall be implemented in the primary, secondary and tertiary level. Health care is provided by health care workers in Health Care Institutions. Health care is provided by organizing and implementing health care activities in the public, private and mixed Health Care Institutions.
The health care activity is organized in order to provide suitable and successful health care for citizens, both in normal and in emergency circumstances. Health care activity provides the healthcare for the citizens by applying contemporary measures and methods of the medical science and related sciences as well through continuous follow up of those results. The system of health care should be accessible to all citizens and all Communities of Kosovo. Health care activity is activity of special social interest.
Health care system provides and implements uniform health information system. Health care activity is a subject of a professional and legal supervision provided by the Ministry of Health. Health Care Institutions, juridical persons and the citizens of Kosovo shall, within the scope of their rights and duties, ensure the provision of the health care for the citizens and the advancement of the conditions for this purpose.
The citizens have the right and the duty to act in accordance with the health care services and to take part in their implementation. The provision of health care is provided by the following principles: Applying the international standards in process of organizing and developing the health care resources in the: The honest and adequate use of public financial funds and transparent exercise of the competencies while providing health care.
Shkrimi i Projekt propozimit
Prevention of the financial risk for the citizens during utilization of health ddukimi services and provision of sustainable health care financing system. Institutions of Kosovo, legal persons and citizens, Health Care Institutions and health workers, within their rights and obligations will take necessary measures to ensure and implement the health shendetrsor principles.
The Kosovo Assembly according to the Government proposal approves health care development policies. Kosovo Government leads and executes the health policies through the Ministry of Health.
The Ministry of Health develops and executes the health care policies through creating the systemic conditions as follows: The Ministry of Health, where appropriate, shall establish committees and. The Minister will define the composition and responsibilities of these committees. The municipalities ensure the implementation of the primary health care by giving the priority to the preventive measures through the concept of family medicine.
In municipalities where the implementation of the primary health care is whendetesor in accordance with defined norms and standards, shenddetesor Ministry of Health undertakes needed measures for ensuring the necessary level of the primary health care services.
Participation of the citizens in the process of the implementation. The realization of this participation shall be in accordance with law and other sub-legal acts.
Children and adolescents up to 15 years of age. Pupils and students until the end of regular school terms. Citizens over 65 years of age. Health services that need to be provided and implemented free of charge in the Public Health Institutions as follows: Early detection of communicable diseases and compulsory immunization.
Provision of conditions for collection of blood and blood storage. Early detection and adequate treatment of diseases which cause the damage of edukii and mental abilities. Other measures from sections 34 to 37 of this Law. Health care treatment from section 22 of this Law shall be applied through: The essential drug list is determined by the Health Insurance Fund on the proposal of the Ministry of Health.
At all levels of the health care the drugs has to be prescribed by the generic names.
Only pharmacist shall give prescribed drugs. Issues related to the narcotics, psychotropic substances are regulated in the special Law for Medicinal Products and Medical Equipment. Issues related to blood derivates and human plasma are regulated in the Law for Medical Products and Medical Equipment.
The standards of health care. In implementing health care the shnedetesor institutions, employees, legal persons and citizens, within their rights and obligations, shall undertake the necessary measures in order to ensure qualitative and quantitative health care services.
Qualitative standards of health care services are: Quantitative health care services are: Health care for citizens shall be implemented through a uniform, integrated, functionally linked system of healthcare activities through preventive, curative and rehabilitative health care measures. Health care system is organized at three levels: Distribution of edukkmi among health care levels shall be conducted in accordance with the strategy and policy based on the existing resources.
Healthcare from paragraph Continual professional education will be provided to all health care levels. Drugs from essential drug list, as defined in the official edukmi, will be provided to all health care levels. Municipalities are responsible for provision of primary health care services and follow-up of the health status of the citizens within their territory.
During implementation of primary health care services municipalities give priority to preventive health care measures.
Primary Health care services are implemented through family medicine services. Primary health care includes: Primary health care is provided and implemented by Family Medicine Team consisting of the following health workers: Primary health care workers cooperate with secondary and tertiary health care workers, as defined with a special sub-legal act. Standards of the organization and functioning of the Family Medicine services in municipalities shall be defined in the sub-legal act issued by the Ministry of Health.
Organization, functioning and activities of the secondary health care services, outpatient and inpatient care, shall be defined in the sub-legal acts issued by the Ministry of Health. Tertiary health care includes specialized services provided in the Health Care Institutions authorized by the Ministry of Health, institutions where its developed educational university process, scientific-research works and the post specialized graduated education.
Tertiary health care services, which cannot be provided within the public or private health care services of Kosovo, are ensured and regulated in the sub-legal act issued by the Ministry of Health. The primary, secondary and tertiary health care services are supported with educational and training activities by the Health Institutions from the section The special forms of the health care. Supply, storage, distribution and dispensation of drugs and medical consumables from essential drug list determined in the official register shall be defined by the special sub-legal act.
Public health is high health care priority and organized activity of the society as a whole aiming at improvement of the health status of the population through health education, health promotion and through promotion of the healthy lifestyle, as well the prevention of diseases, disorders and injuries. Organization and implementation of immunization as fundamental public health activity shall be determined with the special sub-legal act issued by the Ministry of Health. The regulations regarding other public health activities shall be determined in a sub-legal act issued by the Kosovo Government, on the proposal of the Ministry of Health.
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Specific health care for workers includes services that provide optimum conditions in the working environment in order syendetesor maintain optimum physical and mental heath status of employees. Establishment, organization and activities of the occupational health services shall be defined in the sub-legal act issued by the Ministry of Health.
Sports Medicine is form of organizing the health care that develops its activities through health care for active sportsmen and citizens carrying out sport activities as recreational.
Specific health care in the Sports Medicine field shall be implemented as a part of Sports Medicine Service. Establishment, organization and activities of the Sport Medicine Service shall be defined in the sub-legal act issued by the Ministry of Health. The treatment and advertisement of the non-conventional health treatment is forbidden considered by the relevant institution to the article Treatment, conditions and manner of using the non-conventional therapeutic methods shall be defined in the sub-legal act issued by the Ministry of Health.
Health Care Institution network and establishment. The regulation from the previous paragraph approves the Kosovo Assembly. Plan includes number and capacity of the Health Care Institutions in accordance with standards and nominations.
Health Care Institution can be established based on all forms of the ownership in accordance with: Private health activities are not allowed in the following fields: Health Care Institution cannot become operational until responsible body defined in section 72 of this Shendetesof issues the decision on fulfillment of criteria for commencement of the work.
The Ministry of Health issues the decision under paragraph The provisions of section Selection, dismissal and mandate of the Director of the Health Care Institution is provided in accordance with the Law on civil service.
Edykimi Board supervises the Health care Institution. Selection, dismissal and mandate of the Supervisory Board within Health Care Institution is provided in accordance with sub-legal acts issues by the Ministry of Health. Sub-legal acts of the Health Care Institutions are the Statute and other general acts.
The Statute is a sub-legal act edukiim which the Health Care Institution determines the organization, manner of leadership and decision-making, as well as other issues related to the implementation of health care and business affairs in accordance with law. The Statute is endorsed by the founder with proposal from Health Care Institution. Health care is implemented in Health Care Institutions at the workplace, at the residence of the citizen and other places wherein the citizen is in need of health care.
Health care in the Health Care Institutions shall be implemented in accordance with procedures and conditions defined by this Law and general acts of the Health Care Institution. Health care in other forms of the health care shall be implemented in accordance with procedures and conditions defined for the Health Care Institution.
In cases if Health Care Sshendetesor is unable to provide health care within its scope, it is obliged to guide the citizen to other respective Health Care Institutions accompanied with respective medical documentation, while respecting the referral system. During times of strike, the Health Care Institution shall provide health care services as defined by a special sub-legal act issued by the Ministry of Health.