“On Truth and Lie in an Extra-Moral Sense”) is an (initially) unpublished work of Friedrich Nietzsche written in , one year after The Birth of Tragedy. It deals. Editorial Reviews. About the Author. Nietzsche has been proclaimed the seminal figure of modern philosophy as well as one of the most creative and critically. This post is part of my ongoing blogging project called “Critical Theory Down to Earth.” In these posts I provide summaries of and brief.
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Return to Book Page. It deals largely with epistemological questions of truth and language, including the formation of concepts. Every word immediately becomes a concept, inasmuch as it is not intended to serve as a nojmoral of the unique a “On Truth and Lie in an Extra-Moral Sense” is an initially unpublished work of Friedrich Nietzsche written inone year after The Birth of Tragedy.
Every word immediately becomes a concept, inasmuch as sens is not intended to serve as a reminder of the unique and wholly individualized original experience to which it owes its birth, but must at frkedrich same time fit innumerable, more or less similar cases—which means, strictly speaking, never equal—in other words, a lot of unequal cases.
Every concept originates through our equating what is unequal.
On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense
According to Paul F. Glenn, Nietzsche is arguing that “concepts are metaphors which do not correspond to reality. Thus Nietzsche argues that “truth” is actually: A mobile army of metaphors, metonyms, and anthropomorphisms—in short, a sum of human relations which have been enhanced, transposed, and embellished poetically and rhetorically, and which after long use frriedrich firm, canonical, and obligatory to a people: These ideas about truth and its relation to human language have been particularly influential among postmodern theorists, and “On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense” is one of the works most responsible for Nietzsche’s reputation albeit a contentious one as “the godfather of postmodernism.
To see what your friends thought of this book, please sign up. Lists with This Book. Nov 26, Rakhi Dalal rated it it was amazing Recommends it for: We nietzsce in a shallow world which is, barring nature, nothing but the manifestation of the superficial lives that people subsist in.
A life of dissimulation which is the consequence of smugness, a form of self idolatry resulting from the arrogance which comes from an idea of knowledge; whatever little it is that we know of our, negligible and perhaps insignificant, existence on this tiny planet in a corner of the vast Universe. This little idea is comprehensible on account of human intellect whic We live in a shallow world which is, barring nature, nothing but the manifestation of the superficial lives that people subsist in.
This little idea is comprehensible on account of human intellect which humans employ in order to survive. This intellect is unfolded into art of dissimulation, into illusions through which they readily deceive nietzschw. Man lets himself be deceived, thus living a non moral life. Fruth then what truthh is that strive him to search for truth? It is the need to be accepted socially. This peace treaty brings in its wake something which appears to be the first step toward acquiring that puzzling truth drive: That is to say, a uniformly valid and binding designation is invented for things, and this legislation of language likewise establishes the first laws of truth.
For the contrast between truth and lie arises here for the first time. He is indifferent toward pure knowledge which has no consequences; toward those truths which are possibly harmful and destructive he is even hostilely inclined. And besides, what about these linguistic conventions themselves? Are they perhaps products of knowledge, that is, of the sense of truth?
Are designations congruent with things? Is language the adequate expression of all realities? The name of a word causes a nerve stimulation which is transferred into a metaphor image and then the image is imitated in second metaphor sound.
The inferences from words, according to Nietzsche, further, is a result of false application and not of truth for if we cared much for truth then there would have been decisive standpoints of certainty instead of subjective stimulation. What I find noteworthy here is that since we are aware of objects and their inferences which we gather thereof, as a result of our exposure to them as being concepts which are long held in relation to us or things around, it is difficult for us to think of them as not congruent designations.
We know nothing whatsoever about an essential quality called “honesty”; but we do know of countless individualized and consequently unequal actions which we equate by omitting the aspects in which they are unequal and which we now nonmora, as “honest” actions. Finally we formulate from them a qualities occulta which has the name “honesty. But can we live on without designating words to concepts?
How can we know of their existence without understanding them in relation to these words? If those words are not true, then what else is? Nietzsche maintains that truth is nothing but- A movable host of metaphors, metonymies, and; anthropomorphisms: Truths are illusions which we have forgotten are illusions- they are metaphors that have become worn out and have been drained of sensuous force, coins which have lost their embossing and are now considered as metal and no longer as coins.
Truth in non-moral sense The society imposes duty in order to exist, which means, to follow accepted metaphors to remain truthful.
Morally speaking, this is lying in order to remain truthful to herd, by following fixed conventions. Man lies in accordance with the centuries old habits which in unconsciousness become a part of his rational being. Now this being is controlled by abstractions from which deviation is no longer tolerated and man becomes more comfortable with this known world rather than the perceived world of an individual. This structure of concepts is so articulately categorized that truth can only be found in the accurate sense in the designated category without any violation strictly belonging to same class and order.
For this construction, man can be admired and as far as seeking and finding truth is concerned; it is achieved through an analogy, for man strives to find truth similar to him.
That they have a meaning which may not necessarily be guided by the analogies man has created.
On Truth and Lies in a Nonmoral Sense by Friedrich Nietzsche
Achieving morality through art In conjunction with this, it of course follows that the artistic process of metaphor formation with which every sensation begins in us already presupposes these forms and thus occurs within them. The only way in which the possibility of subsequently constructing a new conceptual edifice from metaphors themselves can be explained is by the firm persistence of these original forms.
That is to say, this conceptual edifice is an imitation friefrich temporal, spatial, and numerical relationships in the domain of metaphor.
Art upsets the known categories of niefzsche by bringing new metaphors, transferences and metonymies so that the refashioned world is colorful, irregular, lacking in results and coherence, charming, and eternally new as the world of dreams. In this intuitive world, as long as man is able to deceive without injuring, the intellect is free. The dissimulation he engages in, expresses an exalted happiness.
Therefore he lives a moral life in that sense.
Whenever, as was perhaps the case friefrich ancient Greece, the intuitive man handles his weapons more authoritatively and victoriously than his opponent, then, tguth favorable circumstances, a culture can take shape and art’s mastery over life can be established.
In essence, Nietzsche here speaks of the brilliance of living an artistic life which makes living more moral in the sense that it has more beauty and charm. An artistic man need not to obey the social conventions of morality but live a life which he considers as “true”. View all 22 comments. Though many of the ideas in this text would appear in his later books, the fervor, eloquence and extremity rising to the surface of this young university professor’s thinking are remarkable.
The text opens with a fable: In irgend einem abgelegenen Winkel des in zahllosen Sonnensystemen flimmernd ausgegossenen Weltalls gab es einmal ein Gestirn, auf dem kluge Tiere das Erkennen erfanden. In some remote corner of the universe, glitteringly poured out into numberless solar systems, there once was a star on which clever animals invented knowledge. It was the most haughty and mendacious minute of “world history”, but it was only a minute. After Nature had drawn a few breaths, the star turned cold and the clever animals had to ttruth.
Was ist also Wahrheit? What then is truth? A movable host of metaphors, metonymies, and; anthropomorphisms: Can you imagine the panic, the despair, the destruction? What has always fascinated me about Nietzsche is that he is a case study of someone who rejected all of sensr stories.
I find fruth single major point made in nonmogal little text to be admissible. But as a natural scientist of long experience I know that, in fact, something “real” is being grasped by our pathetic intellects, languages and concepts. For I have seen how we poor creatures have re-shaped our world and not semse for the better ; how we have predicted the manner in which nearly infinitely small particles should behave and have verified that they do precisely friefrich how we have sent human beings to walk on the face of the moon and have returned them safely to earth and anyone who has a hint of physics and engineering knows the truly enormous amount of authentic understanding that undertaking required.
But, even if we realize that the little we know about science is negligible compared with what there is to be known, we also have clear evidence that we actually do know something. Perhaps, some day, we’ll know something more. Nonetheless, how true this is: But man has an invincible inclination dense allow himself to be deceived and netzsche, as it were, enchanted with happiness when the rhapsodist tells him epic fables as if they were true The original German is here: View all 9 comments.
Jan 25, Arcadia rated it really liked it.
It did kind of scare me. It was very heavy and I really had to concentrate on each individual word in order to get the meaning of the whole paragraph. I do believe I managed to capture the essence of this short essay, the subjectivity of truth, and how we’re living in a fictitious social construct based on the subjectivity of these truths, that us as self-indulging and ego-centered huma “Truth are illusions which we have forgotten are illusions.
I do believe I managed to capture the essence of this short essay, the subjectivity of truth, and how we’re living in a fictitious social construct based on the subjectivity of these truths, that us as self-indulging and ego-centered humans have assigned as ‘meaning’ to words, and hence effectively our life.
Around halfway through I did kind of get the chills, a ‘my life is literally a lie’, but it was a very meditated and concentrated chill.
On Truth and Lies in an Extra-Moral Sense – Modernism Lab
This idea of intuitive versus rational man, was a bit far-fetched for me, in the sense of can such an ‘intuitive’ man exist? Maybe it’s too abstract for me to credibly believe any reasoning, deductions or theories attributed to this intuitive man. My limited Euclidean mind! It reminded me in some sense of Scott McCloud’s ‘Understanding Comics’ which now in retrospect, probably got many ideas from Nietzsche himself.
Sweet and succinct although I won’t lie and call it painless introduction into Nietzsche. He definitely was a nutcase, no wonder! Aug 27, Jordi Drenthen rated it really liked it.
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