Postmetaphysical Thinking (Studies in Contemporary German Social Thought) [ Jürgen Habermas, William Mark Hohengarten] on *FREE*. It is hard to think of a contemporary philosopher whose achievement rivals that of Jürgen Habermas, in terms of range, comprehensiveness and. Postmetaphysical thinking reflects an acceptance of principled critiques of earlier, more metaphysi- cal approaches to philosophical questions. For Habermas.
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The posmetaphysical section includes essays on the role of religion in the political context of a post-secular, liberal society. As an inheritor of the Hegelian-Marxist tradition of the Frankfurt School, Habermas began with the assumption that humankind can be understood as a kind of macro-subject of its own history — albeit, so far, in an unconscious, self-estranged guise.
The type of self-reflection achieved, for example, by the patient in psychoanalysis — who begins to penetrate and comprehend the opacities of her individual life history — is a process quite distinct from the kind of transcendental reflection inaugurated by Kant, which seeks to delineate the universal structures underpinning cognition and other human competencies.
From this perspective, his thinking can be broadly divided into three stages: Thomas McCarthy, Cambridge For him, metaphysics is the enterprise of framing a comprehensive view of the world, and the place of human beings within it, in which cognitive, normative and evaluative perspectives are fused.
Postmetaphysical Thinking II | Social Philosophy | General Philosophy | Subjects | Wiley
In Part I, Habermas deals with the function of myth and religious ritual as integral to the emergence of human society as such. In the second section, the uneasy relationship between religion and postmetaphysical thinking takes centre stage. Habermas’s Postmetaphysical thinking Published by Polity Press in and subsequently published, with the ommission of a few essays, in English 4 years later Notes by Erik Empson Postmetaphysical thinking appears to coincide with the movement away from metaphysical philosophies of reflection of which Hegel is understood to be the final innovator.
Reply to the Resumption of a Discussion In developing Mead’s idea of the social ego Habermas puts forward that consciousness is not a originary act of the ego, but an external force that encroaches inwardly and forms the ego within a set of responses postmetaphysifal stimuli from the other, wherein the I through being refered to by another can gain knowledge of himself in seeing how a second actor organises his interlocutionary demands.
In the domain of moral philosophy, the enormous task he set himself was nonchalantly expressed on the back cover of the English translation of his Moral Poztmetaphysical and Communicative Thonking A Symposium on Faith and Knowledge: Added to Your Shopping Cart. In addition to these multiple strands of activity, over the years Habermas has also published twelve volumes of Kleine Politische Schriftenhis interventions — sometimes more academic, sometimes more journalistic and even polemical — on topical social and political issues.
Postmetaphysical Thinking II
In developing communication theory, Habermas is, in our terms, developing a theory of society that is not reducible to a simple totality but has social complexity as its ground i. But then it finds itself intimately linked to extra-philosophical sources of meaning — pre-eminently religion — that postmefaphysical characterized by a fusion of validity spheres.
But, in the first part he concedes further weaknesses of purely discursive procedures. Part II is concerned with the venerable question of the relation between faith and knowledge; with thinkihg habitual intellectual generosity, Habermas offers extensive, thoughtful and learned responses to the papers which were presented by theologians and philosophers of religion at two conferences devoted to his work, in New York and Vienna.
Many soft naturalists are happy to leave it at that, indifferent to the objection that perspectives that expect to be taken seriously imply ontological commitments. He is thus concerned with developing a theory of individuation within a discourse of social differentiation.
Habermas’s Postmetaphysical thinking
It needs this connection in order to make up for what it has renounced by insisting on their separation. Table of contents Reviews Linguistification of the Sacred. What balance sheet can we draw up of his tackling of these issues, on the evidence of the current volume?
Habermas draws heavily on Mead to develop a theory of social interaction that is not dependent upon idealist notions of the self positing of the ego which, upto Fichte, depended upon the I as the original source of consciousness. His writings have dealt with the philosophy of language and communication, the basis of moral consciousness, the philosophy of history and the evolution of social life since the dawn of human time, sociological theory on the grand scale, political philosophy and legal theory, plstmetaphysical — increasingly — the philosophy of religion.
You are currently using the site but have requested a page in the site. Indeed, this is the guiding theme of an earlier collection of essays — Between Naturalism and Religion.
In Postmetaphysical Thinking Hahermas begins to portray religion as a reservoir of such insights, with which philosophy must learn to co-exist, and from which it can indeed learn. Such a demand, as put forward by Rawls, would place an postmetapuysical strain on individuals who are not in a position to separate their religious perspective on practical matters from their whole way of being in the world.
Postmetaphysical thinking appears to coincide with the movement away from metaphysical philosophies of reflection of which Hegel is understood to be the final innovator.
Request an Evaluation Copy for this title. The New Philosophical Interest in Religion. As might be inferred from what I have said so far, from the late s onwards Habermas began to worry more and more that a Vernunftmoral in the lineage of Kant — such as he takes his own discourse ethics to be — pays for its secular universalism with a lack of inspiring and motivational power.
It renounces as outdated any philosophical vision of the world imbued with substantive values. For him, the human life-world is constituted and interpreted by means of a repertoire of concepts incommensurable with those of the natural sciences.