Ilmul Advia (Pharmacology) is backbone of Unani System of Medicine. It includes evaluation of drugs (identification, cultivation, collection, storage) etc on one. Introduction To Ilmul Advia by. Dr. Hifzul Kabir. MD Ilmul Advia (Unani Pharmacology). Dept. of Ilmul Advia Faculty of Medicine. Hamdard University New Delhi-. This department was established in as an Under Graduate Department of Ilmul Advia (Unani Pharmacology & Pharmaceutical Sciences) of Rajasthan.
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It includes evaluation of drugs identification, cultivation, collection, storage etc on one hand and action and uses on iilmul other. It is much wider in relation to Pharmacognosy, Pharmacology and pharmacy of modern stream. Murakkabat, Saidla and Kushtasaazi have wide field of work but very little is being done.
Murakkabat Compound formulations need to be modified in respect to preparation and ingredients. Certain preparations contain more than 40 or even or more ingredients, it is very difficult to justify their presence and some drugs are not available so these should be excluded from the formulation. Some drugs are repeated in the name of other drug or with same phytochemical composition.
Preparation method of drugs: We should prepare drugs on standard parameters to compete the world. As in preparation of Kushta, heat should be given in terms of temperature regulated by computer but still now we are doing in adfia of weight arvia dung cake.
Kushta and other poisonous drugs should be evaluated for their toxicity study, so that their indications, contraindication may be established. By describing these facts, it is need of time to evaluate the drugs on such parameters, that principles of Unani System should not be neglected. Ann Jose ankara escort. Please leave a message, we will get back you shortly.
Home Publications Conferences Register Contact. Guidelines Upcoming Special Issues. Review Article Open Access. Kabir H Unani Murakkabat Formulations: J Homeop Ayurv Med 3: This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution License, which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original author and source are credited.
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Unani Murakkabat (Formulations): Need of Modification
Agri illmul Aquaculture Journals Dr. Pharmaceutical Sciences Journals Ann Jose ankara escort. Unani System of Medicine passed through many stages, countries, cultures and people. It contains not only EgyptianArabic, Persian and Indian origin drugs but from about whole world.
So mixture of drugs from different parts of world is available to Unani experts and it is duty of these experts to give best treatment through best drugs to masses. Ilmul Advia Pharmacology is an important wing of Unani system of Medicine.
It is related to identificationaction, and uses of Mufradat single drugs as well as Murakkabat compound formulation.
It includes Saidla Pharmacy which guides in proper way to prepare Murakkabat compound formulation. It has wide scope to study as well as research. As it includes evaluation identification, cultivation, collection, storage etc of Mufradat single drugs and Murakkabat compound formulation on one hand and on the other hand their action and uses. In relation to Pharmacognosy, Pharmacology and pharmacy of modern stream it is much wider and this single advua comprises Kulliyat Advia Principles of drugsMufradat Single drugsMorakkabat Compound formulations and Saidla pharmacy.
Unani Murakkabat (Formulations): Need of Modification | OMICS International
Unani system xdvia medicine comprises certain wings and Ilmul Advia is one, which play pivot role in it. It is ancient system and work on this is being done very little.
Razi a ilul Unani Scholar said: It is very dangerous that a clinician ignores its own opinion and follows only literary prescription and others ideas.
So it is appropriate to use such drugs, which are used earlier, the drugs not available or less available are better not to use them. It needs research work if we consider this matter seriously we can divide broadly in following research areas.
In Unani literature drugs are described in similarities. Some drugs like Afsanteen Artemisia absynthium is either not found or difficult to find authentic drug in the market addvia other species are present, so we should replace it or genuine drug should be obtained, like this adulteration in Sudab Ruta graveolanceBaobarang [ 1 – 3 ] Embelia ribesBanafshah Viola odorataSenna [ 3 ] Cassia angustifolia, Cassia acutifoliaBiskhapra [ 2 ] Trianthema portulastrumChiraita [ 1 – 3 ] Swertia Chirata il,ul, Kasoos Cuscuta reflexa from its adulterant Cuscuta chinensis [ 4 ] must also be checked ilmuo properly identified.
So authentic drug may be available and adulteration should be checked. A host of potential species are available for adulteration of crude and processed Phyllanthus emblica fruits. The adulterant may be i,mul close or distinct eg.
Pueraria tuberosa, commonly known as Vidarikand in India, is an important plant used in traditional medicine. However, there are at least three other botanical entities traded under the same name, namely Ipomoea mauritiana, Adenia hondala and Cycas circinalis [ 6 ].
A lot of work is to be done in relation to action and uses, which should depend on the nature and level of the indication. The level of the evidence and the grading ilmjl recommendation must correspond to nature of illness to be treated or the nature of the physical or mental function to be treated or the nature of physical or mental function to be influenced and regulated. The drugs, which are used in Unani system, need again to be trialed and evaluated.
It is said that Asgand Nagori [ 37 ] Withania somnifera found in a advai region i. The dose of drug is also to be modified; some doses are to be taken in bulk quantity. Furthermore preparation should be made in such form, which may be used in minimum dose with high efficacy.
A scientific or therapeutic rationale must exist for the presence of each herb in the mixture. There are certain preparations, which contain more ingredients. These are shown in following table 1. Majun Muravvahularvah contains murakkab named Arq Bahar, which again contains 9 ingredients. It is very difficult to obtain those ingredients or to justify their presence in that particular compoundfurthermore some drugs which are now not available, should be excluded from the formulation Table 2.
There is no justification of these compound drugs. As shown in below table 3, certain drugs are mentioned with almost same action. It is almost seen that wherever Toodri Surkh Cheiranthus cheiri seed is prescribed or added in compound drugs, Toodri Safed Lepidium iberis seed is also added.
Like this Behman safed Centaurea behen root and Behman surkh Salvia haematodes root is also mentioned. There is no justification to use these drugs in same formulation. Research on possible other than mentioned therapeutic effects in Unani Medicine, prepared from herbal, minerals or animal mixture or specific combination of herbs should be carried out.
If identification of active principle is not possible it should be sufficient to identify a characteristic substance or mixture of substance Chromatographic finger print to ensure consistent quality of the product. As now we are living in computer age. We should prepare drugs on modern standard parameters with unani concept, to compete the world. As in preparation of Kushta, heat should be given in terms of temperature regulated by computer but still now it is being done in terms of weight of dung cake.
There are sophisticated powdering machines but Kharals are being used. We should also consider the different parts and form of preparation. For example Arusa is very much used in different ailments of lungs.
We use it in form of sherbet syrupJoshanda decoction but as indicated in literature its Rub, Usara, Namak, Gulqand, etc must also be prepared and trialed for efficacy.
If results are encouraging and dose is reduced, we must encourage such preparation. In preparation method steps should be established and at that time these processed drug should be evaluated. For example, when Joshanda is soaked in water for 24 hours then after 24 hours and finished preparation its marker should be established.
It will help to make hypothesis in other products for further research. In the preparation of kushta of Para mercury there is a stage of kajli and product, should be evaluated. A review of the literature should identify the current level of evidence for the safe and effective use of Unani medicine.
The study design should be evaluated, taking note of, for example, the number of patients, specific diagnosisdosage, duration of administration, criteria for evaluation such as improvement of symptoms absence of simultaneous therapy, and valid statistical analysis. Toxicity Study of Kushta and other poisonous drugs should be evaluated, afvia that limitations, indications, contraindication may be established. Muzir is also described in Unani books as muzir to Garm Acvia, Muzir to Meda but there is no particular regarding.
It should be clear that particular drug is toxic or has side effect or after effect in such a way to clear the facts. It is jlmul of time to evaluate the drugs on latest parameters, if they are applicable and available maintaining principles of Unani System.
In cases where iomul use and experience, its safety and efficacy of Unani medicine in humans have not been established, avvia clinical studies will be necessary.
If well known Arvia Medicines are formulated into a new mixture, however, the requirements for proof of safety and efficacy should take into adiva the well-established uses of each Unani Medicine.
Such information may appear in authoritative national documents such as pharmacopoeias or official guidelines of national authorities or in highly respected scientific publication or by consultation with traditional medical practitioners but well-established randomized controlled clinical trials provides the highest level of evidence for efficacy. Such studies facilitate the acceptance of Unani Medicines in different regions and in people. Although observational studies involving large numbers of patients may also be very valuable tool for evaluation of Unani Medicine.
Sometimes prevention diagnosis improvement and treatment of illness is often based on the species need of the individual patient. Therefore single case study for evaluation of efficacy of a Unani drug should not be ignored. However, it should not be forgotten that new preparative methods might alter the llmul, toxicological and even pharmacological klmul of traditionally used Unani medicines.
The theories and concepts of prevention, diagnosis, improvement and treatment of illness in Unani medicine historically rely on a holistic approach towards the sick individual, and disturbances are treated on the physical, emotional, mentalspiritual and environmental levels simultaneously. It is concluded that Murakkabat compound formulations have vast field to do research work and it is duty of not only of Unani experts but those having faith in traditional medicine, to come forward to accept challenges of modern time and establish new field of research not only of single drugs but in compound drugs.
There should be thoroughly consideration of reverse pharmacology to reduce the number of ingredients of compound for better efficacy with consideration of cost to take this system on its peak as it was in past. Hifzul Kabir Introduction to Ilmul Advia: Biol Pharm Bull Ghani MN, Khazaenul Advia: Crit Rev Food Sci Nutr Int J Food Sc Nutr