The Physical Protection of Nuclear Material and Nuclear Facilities, INFCIRC// Rev.4, provides recommendations for the physical protection of nuclear. physical protection of nuclear material and nuclear facilities infcirc revision 5. English STI/PUB/; (ISBN); 57 pp.; € ; Date. INFCIRC/ has been updated several times, the current version being INFCIRC//Rev Revision 4 is undergoing a major revision, and.

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Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM)

Home About us Publications. Under infcirx chairmanship of Mr. The conference reaffirmed that the Convention provides a sound basis for the physical protection of the transport of nuclear material, the recovery and return of any stolen material, and the application of sanctions against any person who may commit criminal acts involving nuclear material.

Please enable scripts and reload this page. Revision 5 was not all about harmonisation, it was also important to modernise the document to reflect contemporary threats such as terrorism and industry practices. Opening Remarks by Ambassador Susan E. Pursuant to Article 2, the Convention applies to nuclear material used for peaceful purposes while in international infcircc transport.

Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Material (CPPNM) | Treaties & Regimes | NTI

Ten States ratified or officially accepted the amendment: While no specific improvements were discussed, the conference called upon the Director General to prepare an Action Plan to address nuclear safety issues. This material is produced independently for NTI by the James Martin Center for Nonproliferation Studies at the Middlebury Institute of International Studies at Monterey and does not necessarily reflect the opinions of and has not been independently verified by NTI or its directors, officers, employees, or agents.

Significantly, it made clearer distinctions between requirements to protect against unauthorised removal and against sabotage, including a new chapter on sabotage of nuclear facilities and nuclear materials. Conclusions While nuclear security’s profile has recently taken centre stage viz. Passports The Australian Passport Office and its agents are committed to providing a secure, efficient and responsive passport service for Australia.

The meeting concluded that the next meeting should be held in Mayand before that, a working group should be established to make recommendations to the Expert Meeting. It is not only in the context of bilateral safeguards agreements that adherence to physical protection standards is assessed, as the IAEA will likely use the NSS for its international physical protection advisory service IPPAS missions.

On the whole, its adoption and implementation by most operators and regulators should not require significant effort or changes. Nearly participants took part, representing governments as well as civil society, academia, and other sectors. Verification and Compliance Verification States Parties must identify and make known to each other directly or through the IAEA their central authority and point of contact having responsibility for physical protection of nuclear material and for coordinating recovery and response operations in the event of any unauthorized removal, use, or alteration of nuclear material or in the event of a credible threat thereof.


It concluded that no changes were needed in the Convention. Treaties Treaty making process. Register your travel plans The information you provide will help us contact you in an emergency. This structure is outlined in the following figure. In twelve States ratified the Amendment to the CPPNM allowing it to reach the required two thirds necessary to enter into force: It is seen as the complement of the CPPNM by going into much more detail on physical protection implementation requirements.

It contains some guidance more suited to implementing guides implications of this discussed below. The Conference also welcomed the ongoing informal discussions among legal and technical experts, under the aegis of IAEA, to discuss whether there was a need to revise the Convention. Revision 5 qualifies this re-categorisation provision by stating that “if the threat assessment or [DBT] includes an adversary who is willing to die to accomplish their mission, States should carefully consider whether or not to reduce the categorization levels of the material on the basis of radiation levels sufficient to incapacitate the adversary before the malicious act is completed” emphasis added.

The meeting considered proposals by the United Kingdom, France Germany, Belgium, and Sweden to look more broadly at the question. Three States became parties to the Convention: While this is a valuable tool, there are circumstances where the quantities or types of nuclear material are of low proliferation sensitivity so designing systems against defined adversary attributes and characteristics may not be necessary.

The meeting participants decided to establish five working sub-groups on different related matters, including illicit trafficking and physical protection assistance.

Global themes Child protection Climate change Corruption Cyber affairs Environment and sea law Gender equality Human rights Indigenous peoples People smuggling and trafficking. In May, the Review Conference of the Nuclear Non-Proliferation Treaty NPTin its Final Document, noted the paramount importance of effective physical protection of all nuclear material, the need for strengthened international cooperation in physical protection, and called on all States to maintain the highest possible standards of security and physical protection of nuclear materials.

The report concluded there was “a clear need to strengthen the international physical protection regime”, and recommended the CPPNM be strengthened through an amendment. The Australian Passport Office and its agents are committed to providing a secure, efficient and responsive passport service for Australia. Whether the adoption of Revision 5 will require substantial changes to national nuclear security frameworks will depend on how national systems are currently structured and operated.


In June, the IAEA Director General distributed the Final Report to the States Parties urging them to work rapidly towards consensus on the text in order to have a Diplomatic Conference to adopt the proposed amendments at an early date. The NSS is early in its development but is close to finalising the top-tier documents that will serve as the building blocks for the series. It also recommended drafting a resolution for the IAEA General Conference with the aim of strengthening the physical protection regime.


The following outlines some of the changes that may require consideration by regulators and operators. So called force-on-force exercises are explicitly mentioned for the first time as an example of performance testing for the protection of Category I material.

The amended CPPNM legally binds states to the protection of nuclear facilities and material in peaceful domestic use, storage, and transport. The Nuclear Security Fundamentals document is a higher level document that establishes the foundations of nuclear security 10 from which the other documents in the NSS are based.

You may be trying to access this site from a secured browser on the server. Eleven States ratified or officially accepted the amendment: Category III for fresh fuel and Category II for spent fuel – as would be the case for majority of civil nuclear facilities – the model described here could be used.

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One rve.4 of Revision 5 that was crafted, in part, with terrorist threats in mind is a small but fundamentally important qualifier to footnote “e” on radiation levels in the table of categorisation of nuclear material same footnote unchanged in Revision 4 and 5.

The meeting focused 225 the implementation and entry into force of the amendment. The subject of nuclear security or, in the parlance of the nuclear industry, physical protection has taken on greater prominence over the last ten years since the terrorist attacks on the United States on 11 September demonstrated the willingness of terrorist groups to escalate to new scales of mass destruction.

This was completed infollowing the first comprehensive review in about ten years 4.

The Conference to Consider and Adopt Proposed Amendments to the Convention on the Physical Protection of Nuclear Materials was held July in Vienna to discuss strengthening existing provisions and expand the scope of the convention.

Delegates discussed and exchanged information on safety measures and good safety practices. Soft Power Review Ensuring Australia continues to build soft power and exercise influence effectively. The twelve Essential Elements in the draft Fundamentals document are not a complete one-to-one relationship with the Amended CPPNM’s twelve Fundamental Principles, but draw heavily from, and cover all, of the Fundamental Principles, plus concepts e.

This may require additional security exercises to be performed by operators and regulators.